Pomarance is situated on a hilly area 375 meters s.l.m. Upper Val di Cecina 80 km from Pisa, Florence and Siena. Its territory includes several villages including Larderello, Montecerboli, Lustignano, Libbiano, Micciano, Montegemoli, San Dalmazio and Serrazzano.
Pomarance was once the castle on the left bank of the river Cecina and called Ripamarance. Testimonials Etruscan, Roman and medieval show a continuity of life on its territory as is witnessed by the exhibition of archaeological finds preserved in the Museum “Warriors and Craftsmen” Palazzo Ricci.
Its territory has traces of the past, from the ancient furnaces of pottery and ceramics produced by crockeries from the fifteenth to the seventeenth century, important works of art of painters called Pomarancio, Nicholas Cercignani and Cristoforo Roncalli, who painted in 1609 the great Basilica of Loreto. Its parish church, dedicated to St. John the Baptist preserves important works of the fourteenth century and the sixteenth century and a fine crib in polychrome terracotta of Zechariah Zacchi from Volterra 1502.
They can still see some of the doors of the medieval castle and some circular towers to defend the castle gates. The old town is characterized by the Praetorian Palace and the Marzocco symbol of Florentine rule since 1472.
Larderello is the most important town of the area for the particularity of Soffioni Boraciferi and “Geothermal Energy” which has its recent history since the nineteenth with the family De Larderei who gave his name to the village of Larderello factory and began the exploitation of warm waters from which it was extracted boric acid and borax used in various industrial fields.
Today the heads, which are picked in the ground similar to oil drilling, are used to produce electricity in modern power stations “geothermal”.
The nineteenth century in Pomarance is witnessed by several buildings, once it belonged to the local middle-class families that now house museums and historical collections such as Palazzo Bicocchi, with nineteenth century furniture where you show visitors a glimpse of the nineteenth century era.
Of particular interest are the Pomarance theaters, the theater of the Brave and the De Larderei built in the mid-nineteenth century and is still used for theatrical seasons.